A particular ethic is an idea or moral belief that influences the behaviour and attitudes of a group of people. Ethics are moral beliefs and rules about right and wrong. When you use ethics with this meaning, it is a plural noun.

You use a plural form of a verb with it. Ethics is also the study of questions about what is morally right or wrong. When ethics has this meaning, it is an uncount noun.

You use a singular form of a verb with it. Ethic is never an adjective. The adjective that means 'relating to ethics' is ethical.

Tough Questions about Objective Morality

A set of principles of right conduct. A theory or a system of moral values: "An ethic of service is at war with a craving for gain" Gregg Easterbrook. Philosophy functioning as singular the philosophical study of the moral value of human conduct and of the rules and principles that ought to govern it; moral philosophy.

See also meta-ethics. See also philosophy ; values. Also called sensationalism. See also health. Such action was a violation of medical ethics.

We are only too ready to believe that ethics is a field where thinking does no good. The philosophical study of morality in human conduct, and of the rules which ought to govern it.

Switch to new thesaurus. Quotations "True ethics begin where the use of language ceases" [Albert Schweitzer Civilization and Ethics ]. Ethik Moral Verhaltenskodex. Mentioned in? References in classic literature? Paley, a common authority with many on moral questionsin his chapter on the "Duty of Submission to Civil Government," resolves all civil obligation into expediency; and he proceeds to say that "so long as the interest of the whole society requires it, that is, so long as the established government cannot be resisted or changed without public inconveniency, it is the will of God All voting is a sort of gaming, like checkers or backgammon, with a slight moral tinge to it, a playing with right and wrong, with moral questions ; and betting naturally accompanies it.

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morality questions

The subjects are various--the conventionalized love of the poet for a certain Rosalind; current religious controversies in allegory; moral questions ; the state of poetry in England; and the praises of Queen Elizabeth, whose almost incredible vanity exacted the most fulsome flattery from every writer who hoped to win a name at her court.

Paley, a common authority with many on moral questionsin his chapter on the "Duty of Submission to Civil Government," resolves all civil obligation into expediency; and he proceeds to say that "so long as the interest of the whole society requires it, that it, so long as the established government cannot be resisted or changed without public inconveniencey, it is the will of God. Meanwhile it would seem, as regards the moral questionthat his analysis was complete; his casuistry had become keen as a razor, and he could not find rational objections in himself.

He said: "The handling of the State's decision to appeal the decision of the High Court in relation to Ruth Morrissey has been extremely cack-handed and raises serious moral questions for this Government. Ruth's case tests 'moral' standards. But the case of the doctors involves far greater moral questions.

They have a commitment under the Hippocratic Oath to serve ailing humanity.Sign in Register. News Guardian. Morality quiz How good are you? Take this morality quiz to find out By James Meek.

Do you:. Are they bidding for rusks? I don't think so. Go to the charity and hand over the money - you can get the jacket in Oxfam in a few years. En route to Italy for a holiday your neighbour on the plane proposes a pact whereby he will exchange his digital camera for your camcorder and you will both claim the exchanged items as stolen for the insurance money.

Chuckle knowingly, point out that the real money lies in medical insurance, and say "There's this bent GP I know in Rimini Politely decline the offer, while secretly planning to claim for a new pair of "stolen" flip-flops.

Pretend to agree, then tell the stewardess: "Ask the pilot to land at the nearest airport - we have an insurance fraudster on board". On leaving the station, you pass a pitiful vagrant, one hand around a moulting mongrel, the other outstretched in supplication. He asks: "Got any change, mate? Stop for a second, put your hands on your hips, nod at the mongrel and say: "Lot of meat on the dog, I'd start in on him if I were you.

3 Famous Moral Dilemmas That Will Really Make You Think

Without stopping, call out, "Here you go, mate," and lob the 10p coin towards him. On a business trip, you find a cheap, convenient bus from the hotel to the airport, which you take. When filling in your expenses claim, you come across a blank taxi receipt. Your decision? Claim for the bus ticket, then fill in the taxi receipt for a small amount and claim under the heading "taxi to bus stop". Claim for the bus ticket, and post the blank receipt back to the taxi company, warning them to be more careful with the drivers they employ.

While sleeping with a celebrity, you notice that he is married to someone else, has several young children and is renowned for his commitment to family values. What do you do? Organise a bidding war between the tabloids for your story behind your lover's back, assuring him that the multi-angle cameras you have installed in your bedroom are there "to enhance our kinky sex romps, darling". Break off the affair immediately and never speak of it again, cherishing it as a fond memory.

Let the affair die naturally, while entertaining your friends with hints and winks about your intimate knowledge of the celebrity's predilections whenever he appears on TV. You are the director of a company whose publicly quoted shares are riding high in the stock market. Cash in all the options, resign, and set up a private school for business ethics in Monaco.

Science can answer moral questions - Sam Harris

Call the other members of the board to a prayer meeting, declaring: "Friends, when this company goes down, somebody has to suffer financially, and by rights it should be the people who run it". No way on earth are you going back to work after having the baby.

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However, your employers and the government don't know that. Call that maternity leave? Take the money, while rehearsing a speech: "Back?Steven Dillon, a gifted philosopher and a former Catholic seminarian, will argue the negative. The eight parts will run as follows:.

Both Joe and Steven have agreed to be present in the comment boxes, so if you have a specific question for them, ask away! Today, each of our two participants submit three questions to his counterpart regarding his opening statement and rebuttal.

If you're an atheist commenter, consider sharing your answers to Joe's questions in the comment box, and if you're a Catholic commenter consider answering Steven's. What do you mean by this? If a moral system has no foundation, how is it objective? Question 1 : I was a little surprised at how ambiguous you found the proposition "Agony is intrinsically bad".

It seems to me that we all know what agony is and can recognize that experiences such as agony are bad. Furthermore, you linked to a Wikipedia page about intrinsic value in your opening statement, providing several standardized ways to interpret my proposition, but didn't make use of them.

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Be that as it may, I'm curious about what you think of the proposition on its more usual meaning. So, my first question is:. Q 1 : Where it just means that agony is a bad thing because of what it involves, do you agree that agony is intrinsically bad? Question 2 : On your view, the moral fact that there is goodness is not grounded in or by anything because God is goodness and God is not grounded in or by anything. Yet, in reaction to the position that there are moral facts so fundamental they're in no need of being grounded, you indicate that this is a cop out.

To say there are such facts is to say they're there "just because. This is a self-defeating argument unless you're not taking issue with the position that objective morality is ultimately ungrounded, but with the non-theist's adoption of it. So, my second question is as follows:. Question 3 : Finally, you infer that Moral Intuitionism is not an objective moral code because intuitions differ.

But, intuition would just be a means of coming to know objective moral codes. My third question is as follows:. Q 3 : Does your proposed means of coming to know objective moral codes not differ among anyone? Image credit: All Things D. Brandon Vogt is a bestselling author, blogger, and speaker.

He's also the founder of StrangeNotions. Brandon lives with his wife, Kathleen, and their five children in Central Florida. Follow him at BrandonVogt. Tags: goundedMoral IntuitionismMorality. Note: Our goal is to cultivate serious and respectful dialogue.

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While it's OK to disagree—even encouraged! Before commenting please read the Commenting Rules and Tips. If you're having trouble commenting, read the Commenting Instructions.

9 Moral Dilemmas That Will Break Your Brain

Paul Rimmer Excellent questions!Jump to navigation. A runaway train is coming down the tracks. There are five people tied to the tracks, unable to move, and the train is going to kill them. You're near a lever, and can pull it to direct the train onto a different set of tracks This is a simple version of what is known in the study of ethics as the Trolley Problem.

It's one of the most famous thought experiments in the entire field, and you've likely heard some version of it before somewhere. But it's no accident that the game serves up this classic ethical quandary right at the start.

It's there for a very important reason. We'll let you know when huge spoilers are coming so you know if you want to stop reading. The argument in favor of switching tracks in the Trolley Problem represents the Utilitarian view of ethics, which can basically be summarized as "the needs of the many outweigh the needs of the few. These arguments become stronger, for many, when escalated forms of the Trolley Problem are presented, such as a scenario where you would have to personally push a fat man to his death in order to stop the train.

A common criticism of the Trolley Problem, as with many ethical thought experiments, is that its simplicity and lack of real world complications undermines its power. In the Trolley Problem you know that one choice will absolutely kill five people, and the other choice will absolutely kill one person. There's no uncertainty. While the ethical questions may be interesting, they're bloodless and lacking in impact. The hypothetical scenario becomes bloody, and personal, and real.

This section will discuss the general plot of Prey and the main decision that determines what sort of ending you getbut not what happens after you make that choice.

These aliens were the subject of experiments on the space station—experiments in which you were an active participant—before they broke containment. You can't remember the years you have spent on Talos I thanks to a side effect of Neuromods, an experimental technology which involves the use of Typhon genetic material and which reprograms the human brain to instantly learn new skills.

When a Neuromod is removed it resets a person's memory back to the way it was before the Neuromod was ever installed, and that is what has been happening to you, over and over again. You helped develop Neuromods and were a willing participant in these tests—at least at first—but at some point your brother, Alex Yu, may have taken things too far.

Now you've broken out of your testing area and found the station in chaos as the Typhon run wild. The aliens are tricky enemies, as they can disguise themselves as harmless objects, turn human corpses into more Typhon, and even dominate humans with mind control. Because of these traits, it could be absolutely catastrophic if any Typhon were to ever reach Earth. You learn much of this backstory from January, a robotic Operator you personally programmed with your own thoughts, goals, and instructions at an earlier point you don't remember.

January helped free you from your testing under the instructions you gave it or him? The proper way to talk about Operators is a whole different articleand now tells you the grim truth: the only way to defeat the Typhon and ensure that the rest of humanity remains safe is to destroy the Talos I space station, killing everyone on it, including yourself.

I can do that. No problem. Heading towards your goal of activating the station's self destruct mechanism takes you everywhere in and around Talos I. You learn a lot about the station's crew in the process. You're given opportunities to save a scientist from suffocating, to help security forces defend themselves against the Typhon, and even to fetch an old friend's medicine to keep her from dying a painful death.

It felt like the right thing to do, even as January pointed out that, if I intended to destroy the station and kill everyone anyway, it wasn't exactly logical. I found that I really, really didn't want to blow up the station anymore. The Trolley Problem is a lot more complicated when you know the people tied to the tracks personally.

morality questions

Though January warns you again and again not to trust him, you hear Alex's side of things. He does offer apologies for how things have turned out, but assures you that destroying the station is unnecessary. Of course, January is skeptical. Siding with Alex puts all of humanity at risk.Moral dilemmas are thought experiments which ask you to imagine a difficult situation and decide what you think the morally correct course of action would be. Read through these 25 moral dilemmas, and have a think about what you might do in each situation.

The Trapped Mining Crew. Heather is part of a four-person mining expedition. There is a cave-in and the four of them are trapped in the mine. A rock has crushed the legs of one of her crew members and he will die without medical attention.

She is able to calculate that this space has just enough oxygen for three people to survive for 36 hours, but definitely not enough for four people. The only way to save the other crew members is to refuse medical aid to the injured crew member so that there will be just enough oxygen for the rest of the crew to survive.

Should Heather allow the injured crew member to die in order to save the lives of the remaining crew members? A runaway trolley is heading down the tracks toward five workmen who will be killed if the trolley proceeds on its present course. Molly is on a footbridge over the tracks, in between the approaching trolley and the five workmen. Next to her on this footbridge is a stranger who happens to be very large.

If she does nothing the trolley will proceed, causing the deaths of the five workmen. The only way to save the lives of these workmen is to push this stranger off the bridge and onto the tracks below, where his large body will stop the trolley, causing his death.

Ken is a doctor. One of his patients, whom he has diagnosed as HIV positive, is about to receive a blood transfusion prior to being released from the hospital. He has told Ken, in the confidence of their doctor-patient relationship, that after he gets his transfusion, and his medicine from Ken, he intends to infect as many people as possible with HIV starting that evening.

morality questions

Because Ken is bound by doctor-patient confidentiality, there is no legal way to stop this man from carrying out his plan. Even if Ken warned the police, they would not be able to arrest him, since his medical information is protected. It occurs to Ken that he could contaminate his medication by putting an untraceable poison in it that will kill him before he gets a chance to infect others.

Tom is part of a group of ecologists who live in a remote stretch of jungle. The entire group, which includes eight children, has been taken hostage by a group of paramilitary terrorists.Questions of ethics designed to make you think and examine what is important to you.

If you were given the ability to become invisible for one day, what would? If someone very close to you was in pain and terminally ill with one month left to live and wanted to die, would you help them commit suicide? If you had 1, dollars to give away, how would you do it? If you had a time machine and you could go back and change anything, what would it be? Under what circumstances would you adopt a child? Would you rather have one year off at your current rate of pay or work your current job for a year at double your current rate of pay?

If you were the opposite sex for one day, what would you look like and what would you do? Would you rather lose all of your old memories, or never be able to make new ones? If you could see 24 hours into the future what would you do with this ability?

morality questions

If you and someone else were the only people alive on earth, who would you pick the other person to be? If you could ask God a question what would it be? If you had to trade sweethearts with one of your friends who would you pick? Would you volunteer to be one of the first colonists on Mars if it meant you could never return to earth? If you where offered the job of President would you take it?

If you could trade lives with somebody you know, who would it be? What hazards in your life would you have to warn them about? Would you rather be able to visit years in the past or years in the future? If you needed someone to act as a character reference who would you chose?

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Would you rather have an ugly scare across your face or lose 15 points of intelligence. If Heaven exists, what would you like to hear God say when you arrive at the Pearly Gates? If reincarnation is the way of the universe what do you think you will come back as? If you had only 24 hours left to live, what would you do? If you could trade lives with another person you know for one week who would it be?

If you had one wish what would it be?Questions of ethics designed to make you think and examine what is important to you. If you were given the ability to become invisible for one day, what would? If someone very close to you was in pain and terminally ill with one month left to live and wanted to die, would you help them commit suicide?

If you had 1, dollars to give away, how would you do it? If you had a time machine and you could go back and change anything, what would it be? Under what circumstances would you adopt a child? Would you rather have one year off at your current rate of pay or work your current job for a year at double your current rate of pay? If you were the opposite sex for one day, what would you look like and what would you do?

Would you rather lose all of your old memories, or never be able to make new ones? If you could see 24 hours into the future what would you do with this ability? If you and someone else were the only people alive on earth, who would you pick the other person to be?

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If you could ask God a question what would it be? If you had to trade sweethearts with one of your friends who would you pick? Would you volunteer to be one of the first colonists on Mars if it meant you could never return to earth? If you where offered the job of President would you take it?

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If you could trade lives with somebody you know, who would it be? What hazards in your life would you have to warn them about? Would you rather be able to visit years in the past or years in the future?

If you needed someone to act as a character reference who would you chose? Would you rather have an ugly scare across your face or lose 15 points of intelligence. If Heaven exists, what would you like to hear God say when you arrive at the Pearly Gates?

If reincarnation is the way of the universe what do you think you will come back as?